Dry eye is a condition in which a person doesn’t have enough tears to lubricate and nourish the eyes, or the tears are poor quality. One of the most common ways to get dry eye is from the environment such as windy and very dry climates. Tears are made of three layers, oil, water, and mucus. The most common form of dry eye however is from poor tear quality. The water layer of tears is inadequate, this is called keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS) but is better known as Dry Eye Syndrome.
Symptoms of dry eyes are simple and easy to catch. Eyes feeling irritated, itchy, burning, blurry vision, excessive watering, or the feeling of something in their eyes are all symptoms. There’s tons of reasons for dry eyes to develop, such as aging, environment, medications, medical conditions, and gender. Women are actually more likely to develop dry eyes due to hormonal changes caused by pregnancy, oral contraceptives, and menopause.
Dry eyes are diagnosed during a comprehensive eye exam, comprehensive eye exams consist of going over patients eye history, visual acuities, and refractions. Once dry eye is diagnosed it can be treated by an optometrist via adding tears and being prescribed eye drops to increase tear production. As a patient you can make sure your blinking regularly while reading or staring at screens, increase humidity in your home, make sure to wear sunglasses when needed, and take natural supplements with lots of fatty acids.